The flu is one of the common seasonal viral infections. The greatest number of cases is recorded precisely in the autumn-winter period, when immunity suffers from a lack of vitamins, sunlight and is most susceptible to infection.
The disease affects people of all ages, more often at risk are new-borns, children under 10 years of age and pensioners. To detect influenza, a series of laboratory tests are performed, and then medication is prescribed. Without passing the necessary tests, making a diagnosis is difficult, which may affect the further course of the disease. Improper treatment is the result of complications that are considered the leading cause of death from influenza.
Types of flu
More than 2,000 thousand stamps of influenza were found in the world, some of the viruses are easily transported, while others pose a serious danger not only to humans, but also to animals. There are 3 types in total:
- Type A – found in animals and humans, wild birds can be the main carriers. Infection occurs not only by airborne droplets, but and indirect, when patients touch any surface. Type A constantly mutates, causing epidemics and pandemics.
- Type B – found in humans and is less severe than A, but it causes a number of complications.
- Type C – is considered the easiest, does not cause epidemics and does not threaten the health of the diseased.
Method of transmission, symptoms and characteristics of influenza B
The infection of a person occurs by household and airborne droplets. Being in close proximity to the patient, the probability of infection increases significantly, in particular, the virus is released after sneezing and coughing, so it gets on the mucous membranes. The patient is considered contagious during the first hours of infection up to 5-10 days. The incubation period depends on the type of virus and lasts an average of 3-5 days.
Symptoms of the flu:
- Severe weakness and drowsiness
- Hunk throughout the body
- Fatigue and sore throat
- Pain in the eyes
- Nasal congestion and runny nose
- Heat and fever up to 38-39 ° С (in babies up to 40 ° С)
In most cases, the disease proceeds without complications, but it is complications after the flu that are considered the most dangerous to health.
Pneumonia or pneumonia is a common complication after the flu. Despite the development of medicine, it is still considered deadly dangerous, in particular for children and the elderly.
Other complications after flu:
If you lead a healthy lifestyle and if you find the first symptoms, consult a doctor on time, following all the instructions, you can minimize the negative effect of the virus and easily transfer the disease.
What to do when the first symptoms are detected?
- Stay at home and stay in bed. Any disease carried on the legs contributes to the appearance of serious complications.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief while sneezing and coughing so as not to spread the virus to other people.
- Drink plenty of fluids: tea, mineral water, fruit drinks.
- Select separate utensils and use only them.
- If possible, isolate yourself from people, for example, be in a separate room.
- Ventilate the room for 20-40 minutes.
- Consult a doctor and start taking medication.
If you are in direct contact with the patient, wear a medical mask. It is also recommended to wear a mask for the sick if he needs to visit the hospital. This will prevent other people from becoming infected.
Do not forget, a medical mask must be changed every 1-2 hours and worn only indoors. Wearing a mask on the street will lead to re-infection, since a humid environment is an ideal place for the propagation of pathogenic bacteria.
A sneezing and coughing person on the street is less dangerous, since the concentration of viruses in the open air is much less than indoors.
How is flu treated
There are two methods – this is non-drug and drug. The first concerns general recommendations: airing, eating more fluids, bed rest and rest.
The body needs fluid to recover, because during the illness a person often sweats, the amount of water decreases. Need to drink warm herbal tea, fruit drink and mineral water – this way you can avoid dehydration. It is important to drink not hot, but warm drinks, since too hot tea, on the contrary, irritates the patient throat and hurts with greater force.
You should also abandon folk recipes. For example, treatment with vodka and pepper.
Alcohol exerts a heavy load on the liver, and hot pepper can cause irritation of the esophagus. The best cure for the flu is a warm, plentiful drink.
Drug treatment is prescribed by the attending physician and only he. Remedies for a stuffy nose, sachets for temperature do not cure, but only relieve symptoms, facilitating the course of the disease. At temperatures above 39 degrees, it is recommended to take antipyretic drugs: ibuprofen or paracetamol.
You should not randomly purchase cough medicine. Despite the abundance of choice, you need to understand what kind of cough the patient faced: dry, wet, or there was a need to cleanse the lungs.
People over 65 years old, pregnant women, children and everyone who has chronic diseases need to pay attention to their condition during the illness. These people are at risk for complications.
- Improve immunity: go in for sports, more likely to be in the fresh air, refuse junk food.
- Eat more foods with vitamin C.
- Wash hands thoroughly after visiting public places.
- Flush nose and throat with saline.
- Humidify indoor air and ventilate more often.
- At the height of the epidemic, do not visit crowded places.
Treatment of influenza with a correct diagnosis proceeds quickly and without complications. Do not self-medicate and consult a doctor immediately.