Each of us has had a flu or an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract, at least once in a lifetime. Fortunately, in modern times medicine has learned to deal with
type A and B viruses, therefore, the flu, in most cases, is a non-hazardous and treatable disease. However, like any virus, the flu must be treated, and it is better to prevent its appearance.
We will tell you what actions will lead to flu prevention and help you and your family save time, money and, most importantly, health.
When does the probability of getting the flu worsen?
Seasonal epidemics in our hemisphere occur mainly in the autumn-winter season: from October to March. Symptoms of the disease appear within 2-3days after communication or contact with a sick flu.
A person begins to feel the characteristic symptoms:
- Strong head bolt
- Temperature increase to +38 degrees and above
- Stuffy nose, sneezing
- Pharyngeal inflammation
- Dry cough
- Pain in the eyeballs
- Joint aches
- In some cases, an upset stomach may occur.
Is that familiar? We think so. However, knowledge of the disease and symptoms can both help and harm the person. For example, many people, having felt the first symptoms of the flu, are in no hurry to take measures for treatment, which can lead to an exacerbation of the disease and its overflow into sinusitis, bronchitis, and similar serious diseases.
Do not be afraid of the flu, but treating it negligently is also not necessary, especially if you are at risk for people most exposed to infection.
Who is at risk?
- Pregnant women at all stages of pregnancy.
- Children under 5 years old.
- Elderly after 65 years.
- People with diseases such as diabetes mellitus, HIV, AIDS, lung and heart disease.
- Health workers who most often come in contact with infected people.
How to protect yourself from the flu
Strengthen your immune system and protect your health
Immunity is the protection of our body, and the stronger it is, the less likely it is to get sick. The most important rule is to avoid stress. Scientifically proven that with frequent being stressed, it becomes harder for the body to fight the flu viruses.
To reduce stress, try meditating a few minutes a day, observe sleep, eat right and exercise. Introduce seasonal fruits and vegetables into your daily diet, take vitamin complexes, refuse fast food and other junk food. Exercise at least three times a week and do not give up on a daily charge. Walk on the street more and then
no seasonal diseases scare you.
Get the flu shot
Only 15% of the world’s population are vaccinated against the flu, and this is a simple and effective way to protect against the virus. If your work involves close contact with sick people or just a large number of people (doctor, pharmacist, teacher) – be sure to get vaccinated before the seasonal epidemic.
Such a simple and basic habit, like washing your hands, will allow you to avoid a sore throat, runny nose and other side effects of the flu. Be sure to wash your hands before eating and upon arrival home from a public place.
In the epidemic season, stock up on an antiseptic gel that can be used in cases where it is not possible to wash hands. If you work in the office, stock up with disinfectant wipes and wipe your workplace, mouse and keyboard daily.
Ventilate the room.
Even in winter, regularly ventilate the apartment or office. It is enough to leave the window open for 5-10 minutes to “drive out” the germs.
Do not take antibiotics
Remember that with colds and flu, in particular, antibiotics do not help. Fighting the virus, antibiotics kill not only harmful, but also beneficial microbes that play an important role in the proper functioning of the immune system. If antibiotics cannot be abandoned, take them in combination with drugs that have beneficial bacteria in their composition.
Vitamins for Flu Prevention
The main function of vitamin C is to strengthen immunity. For an adult, it is enough to take 1000 mg of the vitamin every day. You can take it as a pill, or get a vitamin along with fruits: orange, lemon, kiwi, sea buckthorn.
Did you know that 90% of people suffer from vitamin D deficiency? Lack of this vitamin leads to frequent colds, decreased immunity, suppressed condition, as well as sleep disturbance. You feel weak, lack of desire to do anything and apathy.
In addition to helping to strengthen the immune system. It also has an antiviral effect. Zinc stimulates T cells, which are responsible for the recognition and destruction of viruses and bacteria. However, do not exceed the daily dose, since an overdose can, on the contrary, weaken the protective functions of the body.
What to do at the first sign of flu?
- Observe bed rest.
- Calm down and try not to be nervous. Remember that stress and anxiety enhance the effect of the virus.
- Drink plenty of water. Drink tea with raspberry jam, fruit drinks and just warm water – the more the better.
- Ventilate the room. The room should not be hot. Remember that hot and dry air is the best environment for life and reproduction of pathogenic bacteria.
- Eat onions and garlic.
- Be sure to consult your doctor or therapist. Do not self-medicate, take only those medications that your doctor will prescribe.
Now you know how to prevent flu on your own. However, recall that when the first symptoms appear, seek the advice of your doctor, observe bed rest and drink more warm water, tea or fruit drinks. Eat vitamins and relax, take only those medicines that your doctor will prescribe. And then the disease will recede quickly and will not cause complications.